LEG

PAIN& TENSION

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Thigh Pain

Thigh pain can occur at the back of the thigh, most commonly a hamstring strain

or at the front with a quadriceps muscle strain. Most thigh injuries are sudden onset (acute) but thigh pain can also occur gradually (chronic thigh pain), especially if an acute injury has not been treated correctly or failed to heal properly.

Pain at the back of the thigh is known as posterior thigh pain and can be acute

or sudden onset, or they may be chronic and develop gradually over time. It may also develop following an acute injury which fails to heal properly. The most common is a hamstring strain. Injuries and conditions that cause pain in back of the thigh that can 

be treated successfully with massage are:

  • Tight Hamstring muscles

  • Referred hamstring pain (from Lower back and gluteus)

  • Hamstring tendinitis (once acute phase has passed)

  • Cramp in hamstrings muscles

  • Hamstring strain or pulled hamstring (after acute phase)

 

Anterior thigh pain or injuries at the front of the thigh. An acute thigh injury comes on suddenly and includes muscle strains (tears) or contusions which are caused my direct impact or collision. Chronic or gradual onset pain at the front of the thigh occurs over time. The person may not be able to identify a specific moment the injury was caused. Injuries and conditions that cause pain in front of the thigh that can be

treated successfully with massage are:

  • Thigh strain or quadriceps strain (after acute phase)

Knee Pain

Sudden onset or acute knee injuries are usually the result of twisting or a hard

impact and will likely involve ligament, tendon or cartilage joint injury. Pain

which comes on gradually can affect the front (anterior), back (posterior), inside

(medial) or outside of the knee (lateral knee pain). As the knee is such an intricate structure filled with many ligaments, tendons and cartilage and bone there are many injuries and conditions that can not be treated with deep tissue massage and

referral to an Osteopath or Physiotherapist would be required.

Injuries and conditions that cause pain in the knee that can be treated successfully with massage are:

  • Patellofemoral pain syndrome/runners knee (Anterior knee pain)

  • Patellar tendonitis/Jumpers knee not in acute phase (Anterior knee pain)

  • Iliotibial band syndrome (Lateral knee pain)

Calf & Shin Pain

What causes calf pain? Calf pain or calf muscle pain can occur from a number of causes. Calf strain is probably the most common cause of calf pain or pain at the back of the lower leg. However there are a number of other potential causes of calf pain which we outline below. We outline the most common causes of calf pain as well as some of the less common calf injuries. We also explain some important more serious

conditions resulting in calf pain not to be missed such as deep vein thrombosis.

 

Pain in the shin is usually gradual onset and can be difficult to get rid of. Shin

splints are known as pain on the inside of the shin but are not a diagnosis in itself but a description of symptoms. Most causes of shin pain in athletes are from bone stress, insufficient blood flow, tendon inflammation, compartment syndrome or nerve 

entrapment. Injuries and conditions that cause calf pain that can be treated 

successfully with deep tissue massage are:

  • Calf strain(not in acute phase)

  • Tight calf muscles

  • Lateral compartment syndrome(not in acute phase)

  • Cramp in calf muscles

  • Posterior compartment syndrome (not in acute phase)

Injuries and conditions that cause shin pain that can be treated successfully

with massage are:

  • Shin splints

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